Governors’ Action Plan for a Healthy and Resilient Coast

Action Plan I


In 2004, former Governor Jeb Bush of Florida reached out to the other four Gulf State Governors to encourage collaboration for the protection and restoration of their shared body of water. Two years later the five Gulf State Governors signed the first Governors’ Action Plan for Healthy and Resilient Coasts in 2006. The primary goal of Action Plan I was to increase integration of resources, knowledge, and expertise to address priorities identified by the five Gulf States. Realizing the mission could only be achieved through diverse partnerships, the Alliance began recruiting members and soon had the full support of 13 federal agencies working in the region. Ninety-nine percent of the objectives of Action Plan I were realized in just three short years.

Action Plan II


Building on the tremendous success of the first plan, GOMA released its second plan, the Governors’ Action Plan II for Healthy and Resilient Coasts in 2009. This five-year plan was more aggressive with solutions to address the challenges of the time, including sustaining Gulf economies, improving ecosystem health, mitigating the impacts of climate change, and improving water quality. However, approximately a year later, the Deepwater Horizon oil spill occurred and restoration naturally became one of the Gulf’s largest challenges to date. During the course of Action Plan II, the Gulf of Mexico Alliance formalized as a non-profit organization, managed six priority issue teams, and began to administer a large oil spill research program.

The Alliance’s accomplishments resulting from both Action Plan I and Action Plan II are detailed in the Gulf of Mexico Alliance 10-Year Technical Report.

Action Plan III

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In June of 2016, the Gulf of Mexico Alliance released the Governors’ Action Plan III for Healthy and Resilient Coasts, the third in a series of action plans to address issues common to all five Gulf States in a voluntary and cooperative way. Action Plan III is an aggressive five-year plan combining new and ongoing regional priorities including coastal resilience, data and monitoring, education and engagement, habitat resources, water resources, and wildlife and fisheries.