Decision Elements                      

Stakeholder Awareness, Outreach and Education

Watershed Characterization

Status and Trends in Water Quality and Nutrient Loading

Regulations, Policies, and Management Programs

Quantitative Reduction Targets

Analytical Tools

Management Practices

Monitoring Networks

Funding and Economic Incentives

Communication

Quantitative Reduction Targets

Quantitative nutrient reduction targets are essential to the adaptive management process, because the targets make it possible to track progress over time. Ultimately, numeric nutrient criteria are expected to provide targets for nutrient reduction activities. However, states are in the process of developing their numeric nutrient criteria. Until these criteria are finalized and promulgated, numeric targets can be established based on TMDL target reductions, historic or current nutrient loads, or other methods.